Ronald D. Sugar served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Northrop Grumman from 2003 to 2010. Prior to joining Northrop Grumman, Sugar held senior operating, technical and financial positions at TRW Inc. and Litton Industries. He is currently a Director of Apple, Chevron, Amgen, Air Lease Corporation and serves as Senior Advisor to the private investment firms Ares Management, Bain & Co. and Singapore’s Temasek sovereign wealth fund. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, Trustee of the University of Southern California, UCLA Anderson School of Management Board of Advisors, and former Presidential Appointee to the National Security Telecom Advisory Committee (NSTAC). He received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in engineering from UCLA.