Andrus Ansip was appointed Vice-President of the European Commission with responsibility for the Digital Single Market in November 2014. Before moving to Brussels, he was a member of both the Estonian and European Parliaments. This followed almost nine years in Tallinn as Estonia’s longest-serving Prime Minister, where Ansip worked with both center-right and center-left parties to lead three different coalition governments. During his time as Prime Minister, he also acted as chairman of Estonia's liberal Reform Party. Ansip first entered national politics in September 2004 when he became Minister for Economic Affairs. Before that he was Mayor of Tartu for six years, preceded by a career in banking and business. He graduated from the University of Tartu with a degree in chemistry.